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The GTAP (Global Trade Analysis Project) is a global network of researchers and policy makers conducting quantitative analysis of international policy issues. They cooperate to produce a consistent global economic database, covering many sectors and all parts of the world. The database describes bilateral trade patterns, production, consumption and intermediate use of commodities and services. There are satellite databases for such things as greenhouse gas emissions, and land use. There is software for aggregation to any level of sectoral and regional detail. GTAP’s goal is to improve the quality of quantitative analysis of global economic issues within an economy-wide framework.
The GTAP project is coordinated by a team at the Center for Global Trade Analysis (CGTA), based in the Agricultural Economics Department at Purdue University. The team maintains a global computable general equilibrium model, which uses the GTAP database. Besides the core model, there are many variants (including one focused on agricultural analysis), each focusing on a different issue in economic policy analysis.
Since its inception in 1993, GTAP has rapidly become a common “language” for many of those conducting global economic analysis. For example, in the 1995 conference aimed at evaluating the WTO’s Uruguay Round Agreement, The Uruguay Round and the Developing Countries (Martin and Winters, 1995), three of the five quantitative analyses were based on GTAP data.
You can subscribe to a mailing list if you are interested in keeping up with the state of the art in this area. To subscribe to the gtap-l mailing list email to:
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Go to: https://www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/ to find out more about GTAP.
Earlier today, there was a notice by one of the researchers on the List-Serve asking for copies of/citations to all of the most recent academic research in the area of World Trade Organization (WTO) Doha Round impacts. The Doha Round is a series of negotiations being held by member countries of the WTO to discuss the following issues: agriculture, subsidies, textiles and clothing, technical barriers to trade, trade-related investment measures and rules of origin. Importantly, these are issues that are most significant for developing country economies. Hence, the Doha Round has been dubbed by some as the Round of the South (meaning the Southern Hemisphere where most of the developing countries are located).
The GTAP researcher noted the following papers, and asked for any others that researchers might know of:
• Adler, M., C. Brunel, G. C. Hufbauer, and J. J. Schott (2009), ‘What’s on the Table? The Doha Round as of August 2009, Peterson Institute for International Economics Working Paper 09-6, August.
• Decreux, Y., and L. Fontagné (2009), ‘Economic Impact of potential outcome of the DDA’, CEPII No 2009-01, May.
• Anderson, K., and L. Winters (2008), ‘The Challenge of Reducing International Trade and Migration Barriers’, Copenhagen Consensus 2008 Challenge Paper, February.
As I have advocated in earlier articles, ‘Open Source’ in the world of information technology has advanced the world of technological innovation and even facilitated some democratic movements. Here is an interesting opportunity to draw upon the ‘open sourcing’ of economic data in the context of international trade/development policy research.
Please post a comment on this email if you know of any other research being done in this area. Also, join the list-serve for the GTAP project and watch the quality of work that is being done by researchers around the world. Open source trade: it begins with you.